The Right Honourable BUY ARCOXIA OVER THE COUNTER, John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury MP FRS DCL LLD (30 April 1834 – 28 May 1913), known as Sir John Lubbock, 4th Baronet from 1865 until 1900, was a banker, Liberal politician, philanthropist, scientist and polymath.

He was a banker and worked with his family’s company, but was also made significant contributions in archaeology, ethnography, ARCOXIA long term, and several branches of biology. He helped establish archaeology as a scientific discipline, and was also influential in nineteenth-century debates concerning evolutionary theory.

John Lubbock was born in 1834, the son of Sir John Lubbock, 3rd Baronet, Buy ARCOXIA without prescription, a London banker, and was brought up in the family home of High Elms Estate, near Downe in Kent. During 1842 his father brought home a “great piece of news”: the young Lubbock said later that he initially thought that the news might be of a new pony, and was disappointed to learn it was only that Charles Darwin was moving to Down House in the village.[2] The youth was soon a frequent visitor to Down House, and became the closest of Darwin’s younger friends.[3] Their relationship stimulated young Lubbock’s passion for science and evolutionary theory.[1]

In 1845, Lubbock began studies at Eton College, and after graduation was employed by his father's bank (which later amalgamated with Coutts & Co), for which he became a partner at the age of twenty-two.

Business and politics

In the early 1870s Lubbock became increasingly interested in politics, ARCOXIA recreational. In 1870, and again in 1874, he was elected as a Liberal Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Maidstone, BUY ARCOXIA OVER THE COUNTER. As the MP for Maidstone, Kent, Lubbock had a distinguished political career, Comprar en línea ARCOXIA, comprar ARCOXIA baratos, with four main political agendas: promotion of the study of science in primary and secondary schools; the national debt, free trade, and related economic issues; protection of ancient monuments; securing of additional holidays and shorter working hours for the working classes.[1] He was successful with numerous enactments in parliament, including the Bank Holidays Act of 1871 and the Ancient Monuments Act of 1882, cheap ARCOXIA, along with another 28 acts of Parliament. When the Liberals split in 1886 on the issue of Irish Home Rule, Lubbock joined the breakaway Liberal Unionist Party in opposition to Irish Home Rule. Order ARCOXIA online overnight delivery no prescription, In 1879 Lubbock was elected the first president of the Institute of Bankers. In 1881 he was president of the British Association, and from 1881 to 1886 president of the Linnean Society of London. BUY ARCOXIA OVER THE COUNTER, In March 1883 he founded the Bank Clerks Orphanage, which in 1986 became the Bankers’ Benevolent Fund – a charity for bank employees, past and present, and their dependents. In January 1884 he founded the Proportional Representation Society, later to become the Electoral Reform Society, australia, uk, us, usa.

Kingsgate Castle in Kent was rebuilt by Lord Avebury.

Caricature from Punch, 1882

In recognition of his contributions to the sciences, Lubbock received honorary degrees from the universities of Oxford, Where can i order ARCOXIA without prescription, Cambridge (where he was Rede lecturer in 1886), Edinburgh, Dublin and Würzburg; and in 1878 was appointed a trustee of the British Museum. From 1888 to 1892 he was president of the London Chamber of Commerce; from 1889 to 1890 vice-chairman and from 1890 to 1892 chairman of the London County Council.

In February 1890 he was appointed a privy councillor;[4] and was chairman of the committee of design for the new coinage in 1891. In January 1900 he was promoted to the peerage as Baron Avebury, his title commemorating the largest Stone Age site in Britain, which he had helped to preserve, BUY ARCOXIA OVER THE COUNTER. (He had purchased it in 1871 when the site was threatened with destruction.) He was President of the Royal Statistical Society from 1900 to 1902.[5]

The quotation, Effects of ARCOXIA, “We may sit in our library and yet be in all quarters of the earth”, is widely attributed to Lubbock. This variation appears in his book The Pleasures of Life.

Archaeology and biological science

In addition to his work at his father’s bank, Lubbock took a keen interest in archaeology and evolutionary theory, buy ARCOXIA online cod. He spoke in support of the evolutionist Thomas Henry Huxley at the famous 1860 Oxford evolution debate. BUY ARCOXIA OVER THE COUNTER, During the 1860s, he published many articles in which he used archaeological evidence to support Darwin’s theory.[1] In 1864, he became one of the founding members (along with Thomas Henry Huxley and others) of the elite X Club, a dining club composed of nine gentlemen to promote the theories of natural selection and academic liberalism. In 1865 he succeeded to the baronetcy. During the 1860s he held a number of influential academic positions, ARCOXIA images, including President of the Ethnological Society from 1864–65, Vice-President of Linnean Society in 1865, and President of the International Association for Prehistoric Archaeology in 1868. In 1865 he published Pre-Historic Times, which became a standard archaeology textbook for the remainder of the century, ARCOXIA samples, with the seventh and final edition published in 1913.[1]

His second book, On the Origin of Civilization, ARCOXIA results, was published in 1870. During 1871, he purchased part of the Avebury estate to protect its prehistoric stone monuments from impending destruction. During the early 1870s, he held the position of President of the Royal Anthropological Society from 1871–73, as well as the position of Vice President of the Royal Society in 1871, BUY ARCOXIA OVER THE COUNTER. During this period he worked with John Evans, the other key figure in the establishment of the discipline of archaeology.[1]

In 1865 Lubbock published what was possibly the most influential archaeological text book of the nineteenth century, Pre-historic times, as illustrated by ancient remains, My ARCOXIA experience, and the manners and customs of modern savages. He invented the terms "Palaeolithic" and "Neolithic" to denote the Old and New Stone Ages respectively. More notably, he introduced a Darwinian-type theory of human nature and development. “What was new was Lubbock’s .., ARCOXIA treatment. BUY ARCOXIA OVER THE COUNTER, insistence that, as a result of natural selection, human groups had become different from each other, not only culturally, but also in their biological capacities to utilize culture.” [6]

Lubbock complained in the preface to Pre-Historic Times about Charles Lyell:

“Note.—In his celebrated work on the Antiquity of Man, he coined the term Neolithic in 1865. Sir Charles Lyell has made much use of my earlier articles in the Natural History Review, frequently, indeed, ARCOXIA maximum dosage, extracting whole sentences verbatim, or nearly so. But as he has in these cases omitted to mention the source from which his quotations were derived, my readers might naturally think that I had taken very unjustifiable liberties with the work of the eminent geologist. A reference to the respective dates will, ARCOXIA without a prescription, however, protect me from any such inference. The statement made by Sir Charles Lyell, Canada, mexico, india, in a note to page 11 of his work, that my article on the Danish Shell-mounds was published after his sheets were written, is an inadvertence, regretted, I have reason to believe, ARCOXIA class, as much by its author as it is by me.”[7]
Lubbock was also an amateur biologist of some distinction, writing books on hymenoptera (Ants, ARCOXIA dangers, Bees and Wasps: a record of observations on the habits of the social hymenoptera. Kegan Paul, London; New York: Appleton, 1884), on insect sense organs and development, on the intelligence of animals, low dose ARCOXIA, and on other natural history topics. He discovered that ants were sensitive to light in the near ultraviolet range of the electromagnetic spectrum.[8][9] The following verse from Punch of 1882 captured him perfectly:

Lord Avebury speaking during the presentation of the first replica of Diplodocus carnegii to the trustees of the British Museum of Natural History, 12 May 1905

How doth the Banking Busy Bee,
Improve his shining Hours?
By studying on Bank Holidays,
Strange insects and Wild Flowers!
He had extensive correspondence with Charles Darwin, who lived nearby in Down House.[10] Lubbock stayed in Downe except for a brief period from 1861–65, when he lived in Chislehurst, BUY ARCOXIA OVER THE COUNTER. Both men were active advocates of English spelling reform, and members of the Spelling reform Association, ARCOXIA forum, precursor to the Simplified Spelling Society.[citation needed] Darwin rented land, originally from Lubbock’s father, for the Sandwalk wood where he performed his daily exercise, and in 1874 agreed with Lubbock to exchange the land for a piece of pasture in Darwin’s property.[11] When Darwin died in 1882, buy ARCOXIA no prescription, Lubbock suggested the honour of burial in Westminster Abbey, organising a letter to the dean to arrange this, and was one of the pallbearers.[3]


Lubbock was one of eight brothers and one sister;[12] three brothers, Alfred,[13] Nevile[14] and Edgar,[15] played first-class cricket for Kent. Edgar and Alfred also played football and played together for Old Etonians in the 1875 FA Cup Final.

Lubbock's first wife was Ellen Frances Horden, who died in 1879. Five years later he married Alice Lane Fox, the daughter of Pitt-Rivers. He rebuilt Kingsgate Castle, near Broadstairs in Kent, as his family home, where he was to die in 1913.

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